Effects of Environmental Crisis
The environment is referring to all things surrounding us. There are two components in the environment: biotic and abiotic components. These two components have interaction on each other continuously to maintain the balance of the environment. However, human activities of any kind such as deforestation and industrialization are taking place so rapidly that have led to non-equilibrium in the environment and have brought about polluting in the environment that known as environmental crisis. We are part of the earth’s eco-system; therefore, the imbalance of ecosystem will affect our well-being. This environmental crisis has affected our well being in the term of damage to our health, damage to buildings and structures, and high economic cost.1
First, pollution of the environment leads to damaging to our health. Pollution in the air can cause problems to our both mental and physical health. For mental health, the carbon dioxide contains in car exhaust fumes and smoke from factories leads to people’s headache and nausea. For physical health, leads containing in smoke from the factories will cause the irritation of the eyes, nose, throat and skin. Sulfur dioxides that are also in the factories’ smoke can result in even more serious diseases to people like asthma, lung cancer, sudden heart attack and renal insufficiency.2 Besides causing air pollution, human also dispose much waste. The harmful substances in waste were disposed improperly; as a result, people living near waste dumps can easily fall ill. For example, in Phnom Penh, Steung Mean Chey is an area that citizens living there suffered from the harmful waste. What is more, the environmental problem like water pollution which was cause by human also has bad effects back to them. People use and drink polluted water consisting of bacteria; they will get many kinds of diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, and typhoid fever.2 All those diseases can contribute to people’s death, especially to young children. Apart from causing damage to health, environmental pollution also damage some of non-living things.
Second, pollution of the environment can damage to buildings and structures. Chemicals in the air can cause the paint on cars and buildings to peel. Polluted air can also make some cultural or religious buildings, statues and monuments fly out of color, lose shine and especially are corroded. Be a case in point, the wall of the Royal Palace in Cambodia has become yellow and loses its shine because of the chemical pollution. Besides pollutants in the air, acid rain which containing harmful quantities of sulphuric and nitric acids plays a part of destroying the beauty of buildings and structure gradually. For instance, the Taj Mahal in India is being ruined by the acid rain, caused by the smoke from nearby factories.
Last of all, extra cost for the people as well as the government will occur, resulting from the impact of environment pollution on public health and buildings or structures. When people become sick because of the pollutants, they spend their family’s saving on paying doctor’s service and buying medicines. This leads to more expenditure in their family and lowers their standard of living. As more and more people get sick, the government has to spend more money on health care. Moreover, the government also needs to spend money restoring those being corroded buildings or statues. All the expenses made by the government in the above mentioned points known as economic costs. The money which was spent on both curing people and renewing buildings could have been used to develop the country in some fields and bring about the country with extra benefits.
To conclude, environmental pollution has brought us many bad effects. The pollution is mostly made by ourselves, so we need to reduce our polluting activities such as stopping throwing garbage into the water, using less lead petrol, over using less chemical pesticides and fertilizers, discharging no waste from factories into the rivers and so on. Personally, in order to live in a “cleaner” world in the future, we need to take measures to solve environmental problems from now on.
Other effects caused by air pollution and acid rain.
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- Introduction to Environment, student’s reader, discovering geography by K.L.Tan & A.S.Khaw.
- Social Studies grade 11, geography part, Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport.